Autism and Stem Cells 101
Stem cells may seem like an odd bedfellow for autism, but it’s not. Stem cell research has yielded many promising and successful results for a variety of illnesses, including autism. Stem cell research is advancing the understanding of Autism and at the same time Autism is increasing our understanding of stem cells. The pairing might seem like two unusual pair, because Autism may or may not be a genetic disease. Together, they’ll make new waves in the stem cell and Autism communities.
Why Use Stem Cells To Treat Autism?
The short answer is “why not?” Autism spectrum disorders affect 1 in every 166 people. That’s a lot of individuals with the disease that affects every aspect of their life. Every disease has a cure and research with the pair has shown that stem cells may effectively treat or improve the wellbeing of the afflicted patient. Research has been predominantly with children’s autism. Children’s Autism is hypo-perfusion to the brain and immune deregulation.
The theory behind stem cell use is increasing the blood flow, improving the immune system and reducing inflammation produced by the disease. Keep in mind, the current knowledge of Autism is limited and the present treatment merely treats the symptoms.
What are the Current Treatments for Autism?
Autism is still largely unknown and treatments vary widely. Treatments tend to target a specific symptom rather than the whole, like stem cells. Autism has no known pathogenic mechanism and thus, many treatments are developed to reduce the symptoms. No treatment solves the whole dilemma of Autism. Common treatments include the following rationales:
Autism patients tend to act differently than the accepted norm. Activities encouraging social interaction, communication, self-awareness and participation are often used to modify unacceptable behavior. This aspect also assists in developing the patient’s ability to follow directions and increases attention span. Behavioral abnormalities are addressed with anti-psychotic drugs.
The old saying “You are what you eat” apply to this type of treatment. Specific foods are withdrawn or added to the patient’s diet to decrease the patient’s affliction. Vitamins or minerals may be given a supplemental form. This approach follows the idea that the vitamins or minerals lack or abundance may cause autism.
Like behavioral treatments, the medical community has created treatments for specific treatments. For example, drugs may be given to treat anxiety, depression or hyperactivity. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors are a common treatment for anxiety in autism patients. Ritalin treats hyperactivity. If the patient is prone to seizures, then anticonvulsants are given to reduce the incurrence.
Autism is a difficult disease to pin down. Experimental treatments and therapies include increasing consumption of zinc, use of hyperbaric oxygen and prescribing anti-inflammatory drugs.
Which Stem Cells and Where Do They Come From?
There are only a few types of stem cells. Regenestem uses adult stem cells in relation to all autism and other diseases treated with stem cells by our staff. Adult stem cells are also called somatic stem cells. Specially, CD34+ stem cells and mesenchymal types are used in the treatment. The stem cells come from the patient themselves.
Stem cells may be withdrawn from the patient in the following process:
A physician performs a miniliposuction of a patient’s area of fat or harvest bone marrow from the patent. The CD34+ and mesenchymal cells are isolated. Additionally, Platelet Rich Plasma is obtained from the patient and combined with the adipose and/or bone marrow stem cells. The growth factures in the Platelet Rich Plasma help activate the stem cells. This collection of cells and plasma is done under a general anesthetic. The same day, the cells are reinserted into the patient. This prevents any issues with rejection for patients.
How Stem Cell Treatments Work?
Stem Cell Treatments target a specific organ and the procedures vary slightly by organ. Stem cells may be administered via a intracerabral catheterization, which deposits the cells directly into the brain. Additionally, cells can be administered intrathecally (spinal fluid), intravennously and through arterial catheterization. The cells go directly to the nervous system. The procedures may require a short stay in the hospital for the treatment and observation.
Stem cells have been shown to encourage generation of new blood vessels in oxygen deprived tissue. The leading theory on the develop of autism is that the brain is oxygen starved. Stem cells, especially CD34+ stem cells, assist improving blood flow to the brain. Mesenchymal stem cells regulate the immune system and are believed to reduce inflammation.
We take pride in providing the best innovative stem cell treatments for our patients. We gather the latest information on stem cells and autism. Then, we learn from it and apply it to our own treatments. We also find and hire the best doctors and scientists in the field, so our patients know they are getting the quality care they deserve.
Although the initialing pairing might seem odd, Autism is an effective and crucial focus for stem cells. There’s proven success with similar diseases and stem cell treatments. With millions of people affected with the disease or know someone who has it, stem cell treatments provide hope to the autism afflicted and their loved ones. And that’s a powerful medicine all by itself.